How to Incorporate Climate Change Adaptation
Integrating climate change adaptation should lead to a real transformation of planning processes and the promotion of resilience in the long-term. The preparatory element ensures that integration takes place by identifying opportunities and constraints and by building and enhancing the capacity of relevant stakeholders. Integration should be further facilitated through continuous studies on potential synergies and effective integrative methods as well as through the exchange of lessons learned and demonstration of the effectiveness of integration.
The policy results chain, which spans from policy formulation to resource allocation and programming, guides the planning process and should, therefore, be the target of the integration efforts. One approach to integrating adaptation into policymaking is presented below, based on guidance from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development:
Step 1. Understand the policy process. Develop a comprehensive understanding of the policy process including the steps in the process (policy formulation, planning stage, and resource allocation), the timeline(s), the road map, the stakeholders involved, and the beneficiaries.
Step 2. Become part of the process. Try to get a ‘seat at the table’ by becoming involved early on with the government and development actors in the policy preparation process. Seize opportunities to introduce the importance of climate change adaptation linkages to development and speak about the importance of recognizing these linkages within the policy document. Explore the possibility of a donor providing funding specifically for integration of climate change adaptation within the policy process.
Step 3. Establish committees and contribute to the policy document outline. Identify the key actors in the preparation of the basic outline of the policy document (e.g. the lead government body, a core drafting committee, and other advisory committees) and engage with them to inﬂuence the structure of the policy and the drafting process. Work with mainstream champions from key institutions.
Step 4. Make necessary working arrangements with the lead institutions so that adaptation linkages are well featured; the environment can be categorized as a cross-cutting issue or a sector in its own right. Establish cooperation and coordination mechanisms with actors working on other cross-cutting issues (e.g. gender, HIV/AIDS).
Step 5. Inﬂuence the policy launch workshop. Use this opportunity to underline the importance of climate change adaptation integration into the policy document to obtain buy-in from government and other stakeholders; effective use of the media can enhance this effort. Identify non-governmental actors and their possible involvement in the process; ensure the inclusion of various stakeholder groups (of different ages, economic levels, genders) in the workshop.
Step 6. Work with sectors and other government institutions in preparing their contributions. Work with sectors and other government institutions to determine their priorities and contributions to the process. Engage continuously with relevant (or all) sectors to ensure that the importance of poverty-environment linkages is translated into specific targets and implementation strategies included in their written contributions.
Step 7. Shape public consultations at the district level. Raise public awareness of poverty-environment issues. Help communities identify linkages relevant to their well-being and livelihoods.
Step 8. Contribute to the drafting of the policy document. Engage directly with the drafting team to ensure that adaptation linkages are understood, correctly represented, and properly integrated.
In the end, the most important thing is how to implement the theory and make a great movement to a better condition.